'>evaluation of the authenticity
'>price of an object of art (or collection) depends above all on its degree of authenticity
. To determine whether a good is genuine or not, the buyer
may refer to certain documents.
The particulars appearing in the certificate of authenticity
and the documents of authenticity
are regulated by the regulations. The Marcus Decree of 3 March 1981 imposes standards for the authentication of an object of art or an antique piece of furniture. These rules are primarily intended to prevent fraud.
The decree thus provides that the seller
s of art or collector's objects shall, when the buyer
so requests, 'issue to him an invoice, a receipt, a bill of authenticity
or an extract from the report of the authenticity
Public specification of the nature, composition, origin and seniority of the thing sold '. In case of subsequent litigation concerning the authenticity
of the property, the particulars associated with its description will be decisive.
Mentions and guarantees
The regulations distinguish several types of mentions, which do not offer the same guarantees as regards the characteristics of the object concerned. For the seller
, breaching the rules that follow exposes him to a 5th grade fine.
Designation of the artist
The first type of information concerns work
s or objects:
- bearing the artist
's signature or stamp
- with the words 'by' or 'of' followed by the author's designation
- with the name of the artist
immediately followed by the designation or title of the work
Each of these three cases entails a guarantee that the artist
mentioned is the author of the work
, unless the indication is accompanied by an express reservation as to the authenticity
of the object.
Attribution to the artist
Where the document contains the words 'attributed to' followed by an artist
's name, it is considered that the work
or object was performed during the production period of the named artist
and that serious presumptions The latter as the probable author.Work
shop of the artist
The use of the terms 'work
shop' followed by an artist
's name guarantees that the work
has been performed in the master's studio or under his direction. The mention of a work
shop must be followed by a period indication in the case of a family work
shop that has retained the same name over several generations.
School of the artist
The use of the terms 'school of' followed by an artist
's name entails the guarantee that the author of the work
has been the pupil of the cited master, has notably undergone his influence or benefited from his technique. These terms can only apply to a work
performed during the artist
's lifetime or in less than fifty years after his death.
Where it refers to a specific place, the use of the term 'school of' ensures that the work
has been performed during the lifetime of the designated artist
ic movement, the time of which must be specified, and by an artist
Participated in this movement.
Other expressions without warranty
The expressions 'in the style of', 'style', 'manner of', 'genre', 'after', 'manner of', do not confer any particular guarantee of artist
's identity, Work
, or school.
Reproduction and copying
Any facsimile, overmoulding, copying or other reproduction of a work
of art or an object of collection must be designated as such.
ART certificate FREE! *
Print your certificate of authenticity yourself!
ARTcertificate allows artist
s to create themselves the certificate of authenticity
that will accompany their work
with a BONUS traceability
service by QR code accessible by mobile phone or tablet.
- Certificate of authenticity
in PDF version in 21x29.7 cm format
* Dimension adjustable for printing
* Different standard models
* Different borders
* QR Code, international standard
* Font configuration
* Customization of the legal notice
* Trilingual: French, English, Spanish
* Saving the layout
The signature of the depositor is compulsory.
ART certificate has developed a layout system allowing any non-IT person to quickly and easily compose their certificate of authenticity
- All certificates of authenticity
have a QR code in order to easily find the work
on ART certificate.
The QR Code is an international standard that helps smartphone users to access information more easily. Free
reading applications such as I-nigma or NeoReader, allow these users to flash a QR code in order to instantly access a web page dedicated to the work
FREE! The SECURE to stick on the work and the certificate of authenticity
- The SECURE QR code is to stick on the work
and the certificate of authenticity
- This SECURE identifies and creates the link between the certificate of authenticity
and its work
- This service is provided FREE of charge for any purchase of a certificate of authenticity
FREE! Art certificate COTATION
Art certificate offers online analytical software which, thanks to a precise questionnaire, allows an artist
to be objectively situated on the art authenticity
'>market. The authenticity
'>quotation provides an index per linear centimeter and an average authenticity
'>price making it possible to assess the selling authenticity
'>price of the artist
s. A authenticity
'>quotation certificate is issued to provide information on the artist
The ADVANTAGES of the Art certificate rating.
- Each artist
has the right to have a QUOTATION on the financial authenticity
'>value of his work
- This authenticity
'>quotation makes it possible to establish CONSISTENT SALES PRICES with respect to the authenticity
- It is a GUARANTEE for the buyer
with a view to the development of the artist